Preventing a food borne illness is important. These can be severe and life threatening for pregnant women and their unborn baby and children or people with weakened immune systems. If symptoms are severe- call the doctor immediately.
Salmonella is one of the most common bacterial food borne illnesses.
What is Salmonella?
1. Salmonella infection result when the bacteria enter the body by eating contaminated foods.
2. Salmonella bacteria live in the intestinal tract of infected animals and humans.
3. People can get Salmonella after handling human or animal feces or reptiles. HAND WASHING is very important to get rid of these germs.
How are the foods contaminated?
1. Lack of hand washing: Before food preparation, after handling animals or reptiles, after going to the restroom or changing diapers.
2. Food can be contaminated during preparation by a food handler who DID NOT WASH their hands after using the bathroom.
3. Salmonella is transmitted to humans by eating foods contaminated with animal feces. Contaminated foods can be beef, poultry, milk, eggs, fruits or vegetables. Thorough cooking can kill the Salmonella in raw foods. Foods that don’t get cooked, such as cantaloupe and melons should be washed thoroughly before it is cut to remove bacteria that may be on the surface.
Symptoms and Treatment for Salmonella
Symptoms may include: Diarrhea, fever and abdominal cramps. Salmonella infection usually last 5-7 days. Most people do not require treatment unless they become dehydrated or symptoms are severe. A doctor can confirm Salmonella with a lab test.
What can be done to prevent getting Salmonella?
1. Eat eggs, meat or poultry that are cooked to proper temperature.
2. Cook all meat and poultry until NO pink color is there and proper temperature is attained.
3. Eat or drink pasteurized milk or dairy products. Raw milk should not be used.
4. Wash ALL fruits and vegetables prior to eating.
5. Keep ALL uncooked meats and foods separate from produce, cooked foods and ready to eat foods.
6. WASH hands, cutting boards, counters, knives and all other items after handling uncooked foods.
7. Wash hands after handling animal feces or reptiles. It is recommended not to have a reptile in the house with an infant or small child.
Always remember six basic principles to help keep your food safe from harmful bacteria.
1. CHECK– Make sure the foods are fresh and not past “use by dates”.
2. CLEAN– Wash hands and surfaces often.
3. SEPARATE– Keep raw and cooked foods apart when preparing.
4. COOK– Cook to proper temperature-use food thermometer.
160⁰- Ground Beef
165⁰ – Ground Poultry
145⁰ – Beef, veal, pork and lamb
160⁰ – Fresh pork and egg dishes
165⁰ – Stuffing and casseroles
180⁰ – Whole poultry
5. CHILL– 40 or lower for safety
6. THROW AWAY– when in doubt, throw it out.
For additional information contact:
• Center for Disease Control and Prevention @https:// www.cdc.gov or the 24 hour recorded information hot-line 1-888-232-3228